DETERMINANTS ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NATURAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT PROGRAM BY THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT UNITS IN THE PROVINCE OF BUKIDNON, PHILIPPINES
School of Graduate Studies, Liceo de Cagayan University,
Carmen, Cagayan de Oro City, Philippines.
By: Dr. Wilfredo A. Martinez
The research focused on the determinants of the implementation of the natural resources management program in the various local Government Units in the Province Bukidnon the study aimed to assess the determinants of the implementation of the Natural Resources Management Program of the Local Government Units in the Province of Bukidnon, Philippines. The descriptive method was employed to describe the nature of a situation as it exists at the time of the study and to explore the causes of a particular phenomenon There were 131 respondents mostly were the frontline program implementers and elected officials, majority of the respondents were males and most them were college graduate. Based on the results data revealed that there is significant difference of socio-political and technological factors between the perceived levels of implementation of the Natural Resources Management. The linear regression analysis on socio-demographic variables on the intervening effect on the relationships between the independent variable and process of effectiveness. as indicator of NRMP. The data revealed that there is no intervening effect.
KEYWORDS: Business Management, Implementation, Socio and Tech. Factors, Training, Political Will, Philippines.
The Province of Bukidnon is a big watershed plateau that provides major environmental services to the Northern and Southern regions in Mindanao. It is also known for its agricultural economy, where abundance and diversity of agricultural products flood the market economy. On the northern part rests the famous biodiversity rich Mt. Kitanglad Nature Park range, and Pantarong range in the eastern part where most head waters in Bukidnon emanates, especially the waters that runs through Pulangi -1V hydro-electric plant in Camp-1, Maramag Bukidnon, and Carmen River in Cagayan de Oro. Mount Kitanglad is relatively known of various ecosystems of more than 100 hectares, with high conservation value of endemic, rare and economically important species of flora and fauna. The park is acknowledged as one of the most important biodiversity reserves in the country and is found to have high tree density ever reported in a tropical forest. Noted an alarming rate of habitat destruction due to human induced activities, including illegal cutting of tress shifting cultivation and conservation of forest lands for Agricultural production.
The Local Government Code of (LGC) of 1991 mandated the LGU’s to promote the judicious use of natural resources and environment protection, and within a decade of implementation, the number of LGU’s responding to this mandate is still below far. In pursuing this, it is significant to examine and assess the impact of programs implemented in Local Government Units (LGU’s) in the 20 municipalities and 2 Cities in the Province of Bukidnon. There is need to gain deeper understanding on how these program from National Government through the Department of Environment and Natural Resources executed in every municipalities enhanced or delimit LGU’s from implementing Natural Resources Management programs, and to what extent these have affected Natural Resources Management. The finding of this study will form a basis for program and policy improvement to address the methodological and policy hurdles faced by LGU’s in effectively and efficiently managing their basic resources from which people are dependent.
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
This study aimed at assessing the determinants of the implementation of Natural Resource Management program of the local government units in the Province of Bukidnon. Specifically, the study sought to find the answer to the following questions ;
- How do the respondents assess the level of socio-political and technological factors related to program implementation?.
- Is there an intervening effect on the perceived level of implementation of the Natural Resource Management Program by the LGU in terms of
4.1. Educational attainment,
4.3. Political Affiliation,
4.4. Salary Grade, and,
4.5. Trainings Attended?
- Is there a significant relationship between the level of manifestation of socio-political and technological factors and the level of the implementation of the Natural Resources Management Program, and:
5.1 Socio-political factors, and
5.2. Technological factors?
Assessment on the Implementation of Natural Resources ManagementProgram by the Local Government Units for Manpower Resources
|B. MaNpower Resources||Mean||Standard Deviation||Verbal Description|
|1.The local environmental officer is provided for the implementation and monitoring the program||3.36||1.241||Moderately Implemented|
|2. The skills and experience of the environmental officer
complied the civil service law as to the implementers of the program
|3. There was provision of qualified and experienced local planning officer to carry out the appropriate intervention needs sustained the program implementation||3.69||0.961||Highly Implemented|
|4. The identified specific task and obligations of the municipal environmental officer were performed||3.56||1.008||Highly Implemented|
|5. The responsibility, duties and accountability of the environmental team/staffs were checked and evaluated||3.45||0.986||Moderately Implemented|
|6. The appointment of environmental officer was on the basis of the local code provision||3.18||1.333||Moderately Implemented|
|7. The privileges and other benefits of the person involved were well addressed as part of positive reinforcement of the program||3.27||1.115||Moderately Implemented|
|8. The performance of the staff assigned was evaluated on the basis of their quality output||3.33||1.070||Moderately Implemented|
|9. There was instrument used for evaluation free from biases||3.08||1.030||Moderately Implemented|
|10.The effectiveness of work, task , responsibilities assigned to the personnel were clear and transparent||3.46||1.039||Moderately Implemented|
4.50 – 5.00 Very highly implemented
3.50 – 4.49 Highly Implemented
2.50 – 3.49 Moderately Implemented
1.50 – 2.49 Less Implemented
1.00 – 1.49 Not Implemented
This is moderately applied, but there is a need to provide and lay down transparent direction on how to monitor the program
Linear Regression Analysis of Socio-demographic Variables on the Intervening Effects on the Relationship between Independent Variables and
Process of Effectiveness as Indicator of NRMP
|The regression equation is
Process of Effectiveness = 3.29 – 0.0278 Position + 0.0163 Salary Grade
+ 0.0364 Educational Attainment + 0.063 Gender + 0.0268 Political Affiliation
+ 0.0291 Training Attended
|S = 0.6629 R-Sq = 7.1% R-Sq(adj) = 2.6%|
There is an intervening effect
The regression analysis shows that there is an intervening effect according to the process of effectiveness. Thus, data manifest that salary is the best predictor for the process of effectiveness with the tabular value of 2.47, and the probability value of 0.015. Moreover, the data revealed that there is an intervening effect for the program implementation. Thus, many times the management failed to visualize or deliberately refuse to see the direct relationship.
THE LEVEL OF IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NATURAL
RESOURCES MANAGEMENT PROGRAM
** p <0 0.01
MATERIAL AND METHODS
The study used the survey questionnaire and administered the data gathering to the various local government units in the Province. To facilitate the analysis and interpretation of the data gathered, the descriptive tools were employed , and inferential statistics were used for hypothesis testing.
RESULT AND DSICUSSSIONS
Table 1 shows the assessment on the implementation of Natural Resources Management Program by the local government units for its manpower resources. The over-all mean of (3.38) indicates that these aspects of implementation are moderately implemented.
On the other hand, as to the effectiveness of work task, and responsibilities of the assigned personnel to perform his obligations is rated moderate (3.46). This is followed by the skills and experience of the environmental officer, and it’s compliance of the civil service law with the result of (3.44). The reason of this situation as the realities happened is that local government units tried to maximize the human resources in performing this area through multi-tasking management strategy. The responsibilities, duties and accountability of the environmental team/staffs were checked and evaluated as moderately implemented (3.45). It has been shown also that the local environmental officer is provided for the implementation and monitoring of the program. This is moderately applied, but there is a need to provide and lay down transparent direction on how to monitor the program.
The performance of the staff assigned in accordance with their evaluation on the basis of their quality output which means moderately implemented (3. 3). This is followed by the privileges and other benefits of the person involved as part of their positive reinforcement of the task shows (3.27) moderate as well as the appointment of the environmental officer (3.27). These manifest that the Local chief executives mostly have an appointment of the personnel intended for the implementation of the natural resources management program. In addition, the appointment of the environmental officer is (3.18) which moderately implemented.
The indicator of the organizational properties of complexity, centralization, formalization, and morale are developed and related to the rate of adoption of the program and services in the organization. Specifically, a high degree of participation in the organization wide Decision, and low degree of codification, and a high degree of job satisfaction are found mostly associated with a high rate of program change.
The difficulty lies in determining which kind of change results in a change of the organizational system. New techniques may be adopted, a new model, rules and policies to be formulated; yet these are changes that do not necessarily imply fundamental changes in the organization system.
Table 2 shows that when linear regression of socio-demographic variables on the intervening effects on the relationship between independent variables and process of effectiveness found to have to have the probability value of 0.015. This data revealed that salary grade in the best predictor for the implementation of NRMP in the Province of Bukidnon. Table 3 reveals that there is a significant difference of socio-political and technological factors between the levels of implementation of the natural resources management program. The data indicate that the socio-political shows that the Pearson correlation results ranging from 0.692 and the technological factors have the correlation ranging of 0.769 with the probability value of 0.00 interpreted as significantly related. At p < 0 .01 level. On the basis of these findings, there is evidence to reject the null hypothesis for this purpose.
The Local Government Units in the Province of Bukidnon have given more importance to the executive functions that deal on public safety measures, and given assistance to the people and the stakeholders or the Non Government Organizations. Moreover, leaders should identify the priorities for the program implementation and provide financial and human resource support to address the need. The utilization of funds should qualify to advance the technology and accountability strengthens the Local Governments Units in the Province of Bukidnon for environmental program. The Local Government Units in the Province Bukidnon showed weak areas on budget allocation, and technical experts to cope with the advance technology especially on solid waste management and the monitoring tools for the watershed impact evaluation. Thus, career and development program of the personnel needed to harness their potential is considered.
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